Some Philosophy Links
- The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Gated)
- The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (Gated)
Philosophy podcasts, videos, and links
- Philosophy Bites: Ten to twenty minute interviews on diverse philosophical topics. The interviewers are David Edmonds and Nigel Warburton.
- Wi-Phi: Short introductory videos on many philosophical topics. Created by Gaurav Vazirani.
- The history of philosophy without any gaps: Peter Adamson's behemothic series on the history of philosophy. Includes non-Western philosophy.
- Hi-Phi Nation: A Show About Philosophy that Turns Stories into Ideas. By Barry Lam.
- In Our Time: Longer discussions of the history of philosophy.
- Examining Ethics: Accessible discussions of applied ethics.
- Philosophy videos from the Institute of Art and Ideas
- The Smart Scholar Philosophy Education Resource Guide
What is Philosophy?
- David Edmonds and Nigel Warburton have asked many philosophers about what philosophy is.
- The Problems of Philosophy is a classic introduction to philosophy, written by one of the greatest philosophers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Bertrand Russell. Chapter XV contains a discussion of the value of philosophy.
Arguments for the Existence of God
- A very short video on Aquinas the "first mover" argument.
- Timothy Yenter discusses the cosmological argument: part one, and part two.
- Stewart Sutherland discusses Hume's response to the design argument.
- W.K. Clifford's "The Ethics of Belief".
- William James' "The Will to Believe".
- My summary of the Clifford/James dispute.
- A longer discussion of the ontological argument.
- William Lane Craig and Peter Millican have a lengthy debate about whether God exists.
- Alex Byrne discusses some arguments for God's existence.
The Problem of Evil
- Sally Haslanger introduces the problem of evil.
- Greg Ganssle presents the problem and surveys some putative solutions: part one, part two, and part three.
- Stephen Law thinks that the problem cannot be solved.
- A novel response from Marilyn McCord Adams
- A translation of Leibniz's Theodicy, by Jonathan Bennett.
- Voltaire's Poem on the Lisbon Disaster, and his Candide. (By the way, did you know that Voltaire became rich by rigging a lottery?)
Can We Be Completely Certain of Anything?
- Descartes' Meditations, translated by Jonathan Bennett.
- Here is Stephan Schmid on Descartes' Cogito argument ...
- ... and here is AC Grayling.
- This is a longer discussion.
- Alex Rosenberg says that you don't know your own mind.
Can I Trust My Senses?
- Eugen Fischer discusses "paradoxes of perception" and motivates indirect realism: part one, and part two.
- A longer discussion of empiricism.
- A longer discussion of Berkeley.
- Chapters I - IV of The Problems of Philosophy concern the philosophy of perception.
- Locke explains his distinction between primary and secondary qualities in Book 2, Chapter viii of his Essay Concerning Human Understanding. This version is translated by Jonathan Bennett.
- Berkeley's Three Dialogues, translated by Jonathan Bennett.
- Alex Byrne asks What is color?
- Section 12 of Hume's Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding will make your head spin. This version is translated by Jonathan Bennett.
The Problem of Induction
- Paul Henne explains what "deductive validity" is.
- Hume presents his problem of induction in section four of his Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
- Daniel Greco introduces Hume's problem of induction: part one, and part two.
- A longer discussion of David Hume.
- A very short introduction to Karl Popper's philosophy of science, written by Nigel Warburton.
- A longer discussion of Karl Popper.
- Nobel prize-winning geneticist Sir Paul Nurse talks about how he was influenced by Popper.
- Chapter VI of The Problems of Philosophy concerns induction.
- Jennifer Nagel and Geoff Pynn discuss the analysis of knowledge: part one, part two, part three, and part four.
- Epistemology videos from the Institute of Art and Ideas.
The Mind/Body Problem
- A longer discussion of the mind-body problem.
- David Chalmers asks, "How do you explain consciousness?
- Tim Crane thinks that we don't understand consciousness.
- Alex Byrne discusses an argument for dualism.
- Patricia Churchland thinks that some of our ordinary psychological concepts may need to be reformed (or even abandoned!) as neuroscience advanced.
- Christopher Shields discusses personal identity.
- A very short introduction to Locke's views on the topic, written by Nigel Warburton.
- More on Locke's views, from Michael Della Rocca: part one, part two, and part three.
- Can there be two selves in one body? What about one self in two bodies? Daniel Dennett discusses ...
Are We Free?
- Richard Holton argues that determinism doesn't imply that it is possible for us to predict all of our future actions.
- Daniel Dennett presents his version of compatibilism.
- A longer discussion of free will.
- A famous experiment, carried out by Benjamin Libet, has been taken to show that we lack free will. Nigel Warburton explains in this short video.
- Adina Roskies disscusses free will from a neuroscientific perspective.
- Walter Sinnott-Armstrong on morality without God.
- Stephen Darwall on God and Morality: part one, and part two.
- Sam Harris thinks that science can answer moral questions.
- Stephen Stich on the persistence of moral disagreement.
- Paul Boghossian on moral relativism: an article, and a podcast.
Meaning and Value
- The meaning of life, in five minutes?
- Richard Rowland presents an objection to hedonism.
- Alain de Botton on Epicurus.
- A longer discussion of Epicureanism.
- What is it to be happy? A longer discussion.
- Longer discussions of Sartre, and existentialism.
- Two discussions of Sartrean bad faith: Sebastian Gardner, and Alain de Botton.
- Susan Wolf on meaning in life.
- Ruth Chang on how to make hard choices.
- Daniel Kahneman says that, to understand happiness, one must distinguish the "experiencing self" and the "remembering self".
- Julia Driver on consequentialism.
- Julia Markovits on utilitarianism: part one , part two, and part three.
- Philip Schofield on Bentham's utilitarianism.
- Roger Crisp on Mill's utilitarianism.
- A longer discussion of utilitarianism.
- A very short presentation of Kant's views about lying, written by Nigel Warburton. Here is a more nuanced discussion, by Christine Korsgaard.
- A brief introduction to Philippa Foot's infamous "Trolley Problem".
- Russ Roberts interviews two economists with different views about the efficacy of aid programs: Jeffrey Sachs, and William Easterly.
- Peter Singer on effective altruism. And again..
- Louis CK agrees with Singer.
- Singer responds to critics.
- GiveWell is a "nonprofit dedicated to finding outstanding giving opportunities through in-depth analysis"
- Tyler Doggett on killing animals for food.
- Jeff McMahan on vegetarianism.
- A Kantian take on the moral status of animals, from Christine Korsgaard.
- Tristram McPherson is a vegan, and he thinks you should be one too.
- Rebecca Roache on abortion.